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  • Weekly Takeaways-May 19,2022

    Theme of the Week The Dawn of Time (Synchronization) The need for accurate clocks goes back to the days of the ancient mariner. But accurate synchronization between many clocks is a recent necessity. Digital networks rely on precisely synchronized nodes to efficiently route digital bits, like traffic through a congested intersection. This wasn’t necessary for early communication networks. Then came synchronous optical networking (SONET) and other network protocols in the 1980s. They required synchronization using time distribution tied to a Primary Reference Clock (PRC). Fortunately there was a clock available from GPS, which conveniently opened up for civilian use at the time. Today’s networks have only gotten more complicated, requiring an alphabet soup of standards and protocols to achieve more accurate and resilient timing. But GPS still remains the accidental reference clock. Last Week's Theme: Turning a Supertanker Requires a Tug Boat Industry News China’s ambassador for disarmament affairs Li Song issued a warning to the US against "attempts to dominate outer space," referring to the US ban on anti-satellite missiles. Following Samsung’s use of quantum random number generation (QRNG) chips in their Galaxy Quantum 3 cell phones, China Telecom is offering a smartphone “with a quantum-secured encryption module and purpose-built SIM card that can encrypt and decipher voice calls on the phone using the quantum key distribution”. Western countries, including Europe, the US, Canada, Australia and Japan, met in Washington DC last week around “building a quantum technology alliance of democracies – notably excluding China from a key global forum on this critical area of research.” Funding for quantum computing companies is accelerating, according to Crunchbase. “Last year, VC-backed quantum startups saw a record of over $823 million come into the sector. That’s a greater than 70 percent increase from 2020. That’s also a significant uptick from previous years when funding struggled to hit $200 million.” Gen. David Thompson, vice chief of space operations of the U.S. Space Force, states that “lesson from the Ukraine war is the resiliency provided by large proliferated constellations.” Conferences ISC 2022, May29-June 2, Hamburg, Germany Quantum.Tech Boston, June 14-15, Boston, MA Quantum 2.0 Conference and Exhibition, June 13 - 16, Boston, MA Connectivity Business Summit, June 14-15, New York, NY Quantum Information Science International Workshop, July 12-14, Rome, NY Small Satellite Conference, August 6 - 11, Logan, Utah Optics + Photonics, August 21 - 25, San Diego, CA ION GNSS+ 2022, September 19 - 23, Denver, CO IEEE Quantum Week 2022, September 18 - 23, Broomfield, CO Tough Tech Summit, October 27 - 28, Boston, MA International Timing and Sync Forum, November 7 - 10, Dusseldorf, UK The More You Know... The economic value of GPS was highlighted at a Geospatial World Forum panel last week. "In 2021, GNSS & EO downstream market generated 200 billion euros in revenues and are set to reach almost half a trillion over the next decade," according to Rodrigo da Costa, Executive Director at EU Agency for the Space Programme (EUSPA). "Just in the US alone, GPS is approaching $1T in terms of economic impact and is doubling every 2-3 years. But it is a single point of failure," agreed Gillian Smith, Vice President of Marketing at NextNav. Separate reports estimate that a GPS outage would cost the US economy $1B a day, and the UK economy over 1B GBP per day. And even though GPS is so embedded in our modern world, there are drawbacks. Recent news that Russian fighter pilots are using GPS receivers explains why some within the military are reluctant to give better performance to commercial devices.

  • Weekly Takeaways-May 10, 2022

    Theme of the Week Turning a Supertanker Requires a Tug Boat Last week the National Space-Based Positioning, Navigation, and Timing Advisory Board held their semi-annual meeting. The 29 non-government GPS experts met to provide “independent advice to the U.S. government on GPS-related policy, planning, program management, and funding profiles.” They also acknowledged the challenge of effecting change. The fundamental problem is that GPS is critical to many stakeholders with different needs. The Open PNT Industry Alliance (OPIA), another GPS advocacy group, took a different tack. Their 21 corporate members released a statement recommending an alternative solution leveraging commercial technology. There is finally a realization that commercial companies “can move with the speed and urgency that the DoD now requires” and “national security is inexorably intertwined with commercial technology." Last Week's Theme: We Built a Glass House before the Invention of Stones Industry News In light of the Russian hacks of Starlink and Viasat, the Satellite Cybersecurity Act was proposed to help “the commercial satellite sector improve the security of their networks.” In addition to providing communications into Ukraine, commercial satellite operators are delivering images of war crimes from space. The Chinese military expressed alarm about "the military applications of the Starlink program" including working in concert with UAVs to provide accurate positioning. A new Executive Order was signed to speed up quantum development in the US, highlighting that "recent breakthroughs in QIS have shown the potential to drive innovations across the American economy, from energy to medicine, through advancements in computation, networking and sensing.” In addition the Executive Order, the National Strategy Memorandum was signed into law “to maintain the Nation’s competitive advantage in quantum information science (QIS)," and “ensure that we leapfrog well ahead of everyone else.” It mentioned a White House report that estimated that governments spent $20B on quantum research globally, and now another $2.5 billion in private US investments into 100 American quantum start-up companies, over the last decade. New international quantum research partnerships are accelerating, including the NATO Defence Innovation Accelerator for the North Atlantic (DIANA), the US, UK and Australia AUKUS Quantum Arrangement, Horizon Europe, and the US and Finland Cooperation in Quantum Information Science and Technology. As part of the DIANA initiative, NATO is setting up a 1B Euro NATO Innovation Fund to invest in startups with “emerging and disruptive technologies that NATO has identified as the first priorities including: artificial intelligence, big-data processing, quantum-enabled technologies, autonomy, biotechnology, novel materials and space.” A IEEE article outlines a range of amazing applications for quantum sensors, including Covid detection, gravity mapping, and brain scanning. Conferences Workshop on Synchronization and Timing Systems, May 9 - 12, Denver, CO IQT San Diego, May 10-12, 2022, San Diego and virtual Commercialising Quantum, May 17 - 19, London, UK and virtual ISC High Performance 2022, May 29- June 2, Hamburg, Germany Quantum.Tech Boston, June 14-15, Boston, MA Quantum 2.0 Conference and Exhibition, June 13 - 16, Boston, MA Connectivity Business Summit, June 14-15, New York, NY Quantum Information Science International Workshop, July 12-14, Rome, NY Small Satellite Conference, August 6 - 11, Logan, Utah Optics + Photonics, August 21 - 25, San Diego, CA ION GNSS+ 2022, September 19 - 23, Denver, CO IEEE Quantum Week 2022, September 18 - 23, the Broomfield, CO Tough Tech Summit, October 27 - 28, Boston, MA International Timing and Sync Forum, November 7 - 10, Dusseldorf, UK The More You Know... How did GPS get to a dominant position in commercial receivers for the world? GPS came first, but there are newer navigation systems like Galileo, BeiDou, and QZSS that claim to offer better accuracy. The majority of consumer devices contain a chip that acquires GPS first, then may use other signals to better hone their accuracy. GPS has a C/A code that "is almost perfectly designed for good acquisition sensitivity...that’s why GPS dominates the GNSS landscape." When a positioning device (like your smartphone) connects to a network, the additional data provides assisted positioning from these other sources. But Moore's law is in effect - as processing power gets cheaper, GPS leadership may be ceded to these other sources.

  • Weekly Takeaways-May3,2022

    Theme of the Week We Built a Glass House before the Invention of Stones “We are heavily dependent on space, and our adversaries know it,” warned the former secretary of the US Air Force years ago. And in the wake of Russia’s anti-satellite missile tests, and interference with GPS, Starlink, and Viasat, there is now concern that war could extend into space where critical satellites are sitting ducks. So how do you protect satellites? There is no one solution, but taken in combination: Make the satellite more secure through internal redundancy, radiation hardening, clock ensembles and on-orbit reprogramming. On-orbit protection with warning and self-defense zones, and bodyguard spacecraft. Disaggregation by replacing large expensive satellites with many smaller cheaper satellites. And splitting dual use satellites like GPS into separate commercial and military systems. Not only do they address different needs, but it will make GPS a less attractive target. Last Week's Theme: GPS Keeps the Lights On Industry News Russia quit the International Space Station (ISS) over sanctions imposed after their invasion of Ukraine. This is just another step towards the commercialization of space, even as some within the US government “still don’t believe in working with industry.” China recently launched a pair of commercial imaging satellites, and is moving forward with lunar missions including “communication and navigation services for future operations on the lunar surface.” In light of this, the Defense Intelligence Agency released an “overview of the threats to U.S. space capabilities” in their "2022 Challenges to Security in Space" report. “Space-based capabilities impact many day-to-day aspects of the American way of life. These capabilities enable functions that affect our homes, transportation, electric power grids, banking systems, and our global communications.” Quantum random number generation (QRNG) chips are coming to the new line of Samsung Galaxy Quantum 3 cell phones. And an online quantum random number generator is being launched through the Australian National University (ANU) Quantum Numbers (AQN) using “quantum technology to generate true random numbers at high speed and in real-time by measuring the quantum fluctuations of the vacuum.” Two new QKD networks announced around London and Chicago. In London, BT and Toshiba will connect Ernst & Young (EY) sites in Canary Wharf and near London Bridge. Toshiba and the Chicago Quantum Exchange (CQE) plan to link the University of Chicago to the Argonne National Laboratory as part of a future multi-node US quantum network. Why is timing and synch important in telecoms? “Timing has always been important since we introduced digital switching… with TDD (time division duplex) for 5G networks we also need phase and time, that’s where it really gets tricky.” Conferences Workshop on Synchronization and Timing Systems, May 9 - 12, Denver, CO IQT San Diego, May 10-12, 2022, San Diego and virtual Commercialising Quantum, May 17 - 19, London, UK and virtual Quantum.Tech Boston, June 14-15, Boston, MA Quantum 2.0 Conference and Exhibition, June 13 - 16, Boston, MA Connectivity Business Summit, June 14-15, New York, NY Quantum Information Science International Workshop, July 12-14, Rome, NY Small Satellite Conference, August 6 - 11, Logan, Utah Optics + Photonics, August 21 - 25, San Diego, CA ION GNSS+ 2022, September 19 - 23, Denver, CO IEEE Quantum Week 2022, September 18 - 23, Broomfield, CO International Timing and Sync Forum, November 7 - 10, Dusseldorf, UK The More You Know... Most communications today is encrypted. For almost all cases this encryption is based on the use of public key cryptography. The security of public key cryptography relies on mathematical problems that are believed to be computationally intractable even using massive supercomputers. For decades, the use of public key cryptography has been implemented via a system known as public key infrastructure (PKI). But a large enough fault-tolerant quantum computer could break PKI, so the race is on for a replacement. There are two potential options: quantum key distribution (QKD), which requires unique hardware but is potentially more secure, and post-quantum cryptography (PQC), which is essentially a new form of PKI. PQC uses new mathematical problems that are believed to be intractable even with quantum computers. Since it's a form of public cryptography, PQC is software based and therefore much cheaper and easier to implement within current networks. There are companies building QKD systems with commercial hardware and networks already available. But QKD is still in the early adoption phase, with system cost and scalability a barrier to deployment. PQC, on the other hand, will be easier to implement once a standard has been adopted. In the US, this process has already started, though the security of some of the PQC options have been challenged. Xairos is focused on secure, high precision time transfer​, not on key distribution. Performing time transfer beyond GPS precision already requires unique hardware, and current methods are insecure.

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  • Xairos Systems, Inc. | Quantum Communications |

    XAIROS SPACE. QUANTUM. LASERS. Quantum Time Synchronization for Secure Communications Xairos is building a global timing service to replace timing from GPS. Using our proprietary quantum technology, this system is 1000 times better and 100 times cheaper than GPS. ​ The Problem Modern networks rely on timing from GPS, which is not secure or accurate enough. The Solution A global timing service that is orders of magnitude more accurate and secure. The Value Removes risk of communication outages and increases bandwidth and throughput. ARTICLES DAVID MITLYNG May 11 3 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-May 10, 2022 David Mitlyng May 3 3 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-May3,2022 DAVID MITLYNG Apr 26 4 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-April 26,2022 DAVID MITLYNG Apr 21 3 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways:April 21,2022 DAVID MITLYNG Apr 14 4 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways:World Quantum Day Edition DAVID MITLYNG Apr 12 3 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways:April 12, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Mar 29 3 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly-takeaways-March 29 DAVID MITLYNG Mar 16 3 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-March 15, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Mar 11 1 min Weekly Takeaways Xairos Takeaways-March 10, 2022 David Mitlyng Feb 22 2 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-February 22, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Feb 15 2 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-February 15, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Feb 8 2 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-February 8, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Feb 1 2 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-February 1, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Jan 26 3 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-January 25, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Jan 18 3 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways:January 18, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Jan 11 2 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-January 11, 2022 David Mitlyng Jan 3 2 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-January 3, 2022 DAVID MITLYNG Dec 20, 2021 2 min Weekly Takeaways Weekly Takeaways-December 20,2021 powered by

  • Our Team | My Site

    DAVID MITLYNG, CEO DR. JAMES TROUPE, CHIEF QUANTUM SCIENTIST DR. FREY WILSON, QUANTUM SCIENTIST Alexandra Pinto, SYSTEMS ARCHITECT CHRISTIE CAZES, BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR

  • Conferences | My Site

    CONFERENCES ​ ​ ​ ​ ISC High Performance 2022 , May 29- June 2, Hamburg, Germany Photonics for Quantum , June 6 - 9, Rochester, NY Quantum.Tech Boston , June 14-15, Boston, MA Quantum 2.0 Conference and Exhibition , June 13 - 16, Boston, MA Connectivity Business Summit , June 14-15, New York, NY Quantum Information Science International Workshop , July 12-14, 2022, New York Optics + Photonics , August 21 - 25, San Diego, CA ION GNSS+ 2022 , September 19-23, Denver, CO IEEE Quantum Week 2022 , September 18 - 23, Broomfield, CO Denver Startup Week , September 19-23, Denver, CO International Timing and Sync Forum , November 7 - 10, Dusseldorf, UK US National PNT Advisory Board , December 9 - 10, Washington DC

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